Yushima Tenmangu is a Shinto Shrine, and enshrines the God of Learning, Sugawara Michizane who was a nobleman famous in both sword and the pen. He was also a well know scholar in Heian period. He fell into the snare set by his opponents and demoted to Dazaifu where he died. Yushima Tenmangu is one of the eleven thousand shrines enshrining the God of Learning.
This shrine was originally established in 458 to enshrine Ameno-tajikarano-mikoto who is known as a Herculean power from Japanese myth. Later in 1355, Sugarwara Michizane was enshrined along the side.